United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement Implementation Act Summary
On April 3, 2020, Canada informed the United States and Mexico that it had completed its national process of ratifying the agreement.  On May 11, 2018, House Of Representatives spokesman Paul Ryan set May 17 as the deadline for congressional action. This deadline was not met and the agreement with Mexico was not reached until August 27, 2018.  At that time, Canada had not approved the agreement. Mexico`s outgoing President Enrique Pea Nieto, having left office on 1 December 2018 and requiring 60 days as a review period, the deadline for making the agreed text available was set at the end of September 2018, 30 September 2018. Negotiators worked around the clock and reached an agreement less than an hour before midnight on a draft text. The next day, October 1, 2018, the USMCA text was published as an agreed document. In 1994, the United States, Mexico and Canada, with the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), created the world`s largest free trade region, which generated economic growth and helped improve the living standards of the people of the three member countries. By strengthening trade and investment rules, this agreement has proven to be a solid foundation for building Canada`s prosperity and has provided a valuable example of the benefits of trade liberalization for the rest of the world. The new Canada-U.S.-Mexico agreement will strengthen Canada`s strong economic ties with the United States and Mexico. 11. Executive Order 11651 of 3 March 1972 (textile agreements) established the Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements (CITA), made up of representatives of the ministries, the Ministry of Finance, Trade and Labour, as well as the USTR office, representing the Ministry of Commerce, as President, to oversee the implementation of textile trade agreements.
In accordance with Title 301, United States Code, public servants who perform these functions jointly are public servants who must be appointed by the President with the approval of the Council and the Senate when performing duties entrusted by law to the President and are entrusted by the President. On June 1, 2020, the USTR Office issued the uniform rules which are the last hurdle before the implementation of the agreement on July 1, 2020. U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer negotiated at length with working groups chosen by House of Representatives spokesman Pelosi to amend the agreement to ensure that the USMCA passes Congress with broad cross-party support. The United States, Mexico and Canada implemented these amendments through a USMCA amendment protocol signed on December 10, 2019. NAFTA has three primary dispute resolution mechanisms. Chapter 20 is the settlement mechanism for countries. It is often considered the least controversial of the three mechanisms, and has been maintained in its original form from NAFTA to the USMCA.
In such cases, complaints filed by USMCA Member States against the duration of the contract would be violated.  In Chapter 19, the justifications for anti-dumping or countervailing duties are managed. Without Chapter 19, the avenue of recourse for the management of these policies would be through the national legal system.