Trade Facilitation Agreement South Africa
Despite the benefits identified, African regional communities and their Member States will face considerable challenges for this agreement to be used for regional integration. To date, only half of the ECOWAS and SADC members have ratified the agreement. In addition, the lack of consultation prior to notification of commitments or the filing of authorisation instruments is a particular challenge. From a general point of view, developing countries, although all developed countries are able to implement this agreement, are more cautious. India and China, for example, committed only 75.4% and 70.1% of THE TFA measures when they came into force. African countries seem to expect – and rightly so – from industrialized countries to provide assistance and support when it comes to building the capacity to implement this agreement. The WTO itself notes that “the information available on the cost of implementing trade facilitation reforms is quite limited.” In this context, the organization surprisingly concludes that “the expected costs for the implementation of the TFA appear to be modest relative to the expected benefits.” 40 World Economic Forum “Promoting Trade: Assessing Growth Prospects” (2013) to 37, available at: (the last call was given on 20 April 2015). 51 Ministry of Trade and Industry “South African Trade Policy,” above at note 49 to 11. Given that the United States and China are involved in a trade war, that climate protection falls short of climate change and that the Appeals body of the World Trade Organization risks becoming unusable, the theme of this week`s WTO public forum – “Trading Forward: Adapting to a Changing World” – could not be more appropriate. But if the global trading system is to be adapted to the realities of the 21st century, special attention must be paid to the needs of developing countries. 52 See J Lewis “Reform and opportunity: The changing role and patterns of trade in South Africa and SADC” (2001, World Bank, Africa region working paper series 14) at 1. 139 The United Nations Economic Commission for South Africa (UNECA) “Facilitation of African Trade” (2013) from 35 to 36 years, available at (the most recent, called September 10, 2016).